Queen Elizabeth II  – Uncomplicated English Podcast

Queen Elizabeth II – Uncomplicated English Podcast

Hello and welcome to another episode of Uncomplicated
English with Mark. Where we learn English through real life stories,
that are so interesting that you forget that you’re studying! Today we are going to learn about the life
of Queen Elizabeth the second. Before we get started as always, I would like
to remind you that the entire transcript of this episode can be found for free on my website. Also, on my website you can book 1 to 1 conversational
English lessons with me. Alright then, let’s get started with today’s
episode Often when someone thinks about England or
the United Kingdom, one of the first people they think about is the Queen of England. The current Queen of England is Elizabeth
the second. Early life
Queen Elizabeth was born in London on the 21 of April 1926 as the first child of the
Duke and Duchess of York. As a child she was privately educated and
taught at home. In the United Kingdom the two main forms of
schooling are Private schooling and Public Schooling. Public schools are free and generally accept
all kinds of students. Whereas Private schools cost money and are
a more selective of their students. Queen Elizabeth has one sibling, Princess
Margaret who is four years younger than her and was born in 1930. As a young child she loved horses and dogs. To this day she is well known for her love
of Corgi dogs. Through her life she has owned a total of
thirty Corgi dogs. As a young child many marvelled at how she
seemed very mature and well behaved for her age. She was never really expected to become queen,
she was third in line for the throne. This meant that her Uncle was first in line
and then her father was second in line for the throne. However when the current King died and her
uncle Edward was made King she suddenly became second in line for the throne. In 1936 King Edward, wanted to marry Wallis
Simpson. Wallis Simpson was an American and had been
divorced twice. This meant that King Edward could not marry
her with and remain King. So he made a decision that shocked the world
and decided that he would rather be married to her than be King. So, he abdicated the throne. This means that he gave up his right to be
king and passed it on to his younger brother Albert, who was Elizabeth’s father. In September 1939 the Second world war started
and it was suggested that Queen Elizabeth and her sister should be evacuated to Canada. This is because at this time, the Nazi’s
frequently bombed Britain. However, their mother refused, saying that
they won’t go without me, I won’t leave without the King and the King will never leave.” In 1940, at the age of 14 she made her first
radio broadcast. She aimed her message to other children who
had been evacuated from their homes. She said “We are trying to do all we can
to help our sailors, soldiers and airmen, and we are trying, too, to bear our share
of the danger and sadness of war. We know, every one of us, that in the end
all will be well.” Towards the end of the war she trained and
successfully qualified as a driver and mechanic in the Auxiliary Territorial Service. This was a women’s branch of the British
Army. At the end of the war on Victory in Europe
Day, the Queen and her sister, begged their father, the king to let them go out amongst the celebrating
crowds, and celebrate amongst them. He let them and they both went and celebrated
with everyone, without being recognised as royalty. In 1947 it was announced that Queen Elizabeth
was engaged to Prince Phillip of Greece and Denmark. But this was a controversial engagement, many
looked down at Prince Phillip. (this means that they didn’t see him as an equal to
Elizabeth, that he wasn’t worthy to marry Queen Elizabeth ) Prince Phillip was not rich, he was foreign born, and some of his sisters
had married German’s with Nazi Links. The funny thing is, is that Phillip himself
had fought in the second World War, serving in the Navy, fighting against the nazis Initially Elizabeth’s mothered was not happy
with the engagement. However, the two, remained together and got
married on the 20th of November 1947. Britain was so weakened by the war that even
Elizabeth had to use ration tokens to buy the material that was needed to make her dress. Phillips three sisters were not allowed to
attend the wedding because of their marriages to members of German nobility. Elizabeth gave birth to their first child,
Prince Charles on the 14th of November 1948. Their next child Princess Anne was born in
1950. In 1951, Elizabeth’s father King George
the 6th health began to decline and in 1952, he passed away, whilst Elizabeth and Phillip
were on tour in Kenya. She was now The Queen of the United Kingdom. Throughout her time as Queen, she has travelled
widely and has seen many of the countries that fall under the Commonwealth. The commonwealth is a group of countries that
during their history have been a part of what was the British Empire. Many of these countries now have their own
independence, but many have decided to stay apart of the Commonwealth. A few examples are places like Australia,
Canada, South Africa, India and many more. Currently there are fifty three countries
in the commonwealth. The queen has often been warned during many
of her visits that she would not be safe. For example, during a tour of Canada in 1964,
many warned her that small groups of extremists were planning to assassinate her. However, she refused to cancel her tour and
carried on. However she has had some close calls. (this means, that there have been times were
she was nearly, injured by people that wanted to hurt her). In 1981 during a parade, six shots were fired
at the queen from close range, whilst she rode her horse. The police later found out that a seventeen-year-old
was responsible and had fired blank rounds. Just a few months later whilst she was visiting
New Zealand another seventeen year old, called Christopher John Lewis fired at the queen,
from the fifth floor of a building, but missed. He was later caught and spent three years
in jail. In 2002, The Queen celebrate her Golden Jubilee. The Golden Jubilee celebrated the fiftieth
anniversary of the Queens ascension to the throne. She had now been the Queen for fifty years. As a result, there were many celebrations
around the U.K. and in many other countries around the world. On the 4th of June over a million people attended
a parade at The Mall in London. A group of 5,000 adults and children from
the 54 member states of the commonwealth took part and each, country handed the queen what
was called “a rainbow of wishes”. This was a collection of handwritten notes
written to the queen, from the people of their countries. The parade finished with a fly past. 27 different types of plane flew over London
and Buckingham palace. The Queen is well known for being a rather
secretive person. She very rarely gives speeches and has always
tried to remain a little distant from politics. This is because her position as Queen is mostly
symbolic. She doesn’t have any real power over the
politics of the U.K. She can’t pick a Prime minister, and she can’t remove a Prime minister
if she doesn’t like them. Within the U.K she is relatively well liked,
and many people still want Britain to continue having a Monarchy. A monarchy is a government that has Kings, Queen, princes and all that kind of stuff. That’s all for today, thank you very much
for listening. I hope you enjoyed today’s episode. As always I would like to remind you that the full transcript of this episode can be found for free on my website at www.uncomplicatedenglish.com Also on my website I offer 1 to 1 conversational English lessons Thank you very much for listening today! I look forward to see you again next week for the next episode!

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