PBS NewsHour Weekend full episode August 3, 2019

PBS NewsHour Weekend full episode August 3, 2019


On this edition for Saturday August 3rd multiple fatalities after a mass shooting in El Paso, Texas next on PBS Newshour weekend From the Tish wnet studios at Lincoln Center in New York hari Sreenivasan Good evening, and thanks for joining us a gunman opened fire at a shopping center in El Paso Texas today killing multiple people and sending others to local hospitals Police responded within minutes after 9-1-1 calls began at about 10:00 this morning Many from a Walmart near the Cielo Vista mall the Walmart and the mall are a few miles east of downtown El Paso Just off Interstate 10 by early afternoon Police said they had one man in custody and that there was no imminent danger to the public as a search of the area continued Photographs had circulated on social media showed one white male with what appears to be a rifle entering the Walmart There were initial reports of multiple shooters police would confirm only that the suspect in custody is a white male in his 20s This time we do have one person in custody We don’t believe there’s anybody outstanding so we are advising. We are starting to secure the scene and the scene is starting to become secure We do have multiple we can confirm there were multiple victims I can’t confirm their status at yet and I can’t confirm the numbers joining me now from El Paso is Dennis who Operations Director at the NPR affiliate there k, TEP first for people who don’t know the area very well. How central is this mall? How many people are usually there on a weekend? on the weekend You can usually count down at the Walmart usually Per hour maybe about 15 to 16 hundred people in and around the store because it’s also part of the complex to Sam’s Club Right. So in that area now we’re talking about just a few weeks away from back-to-school season Or at least people might be doing that kind of shopping this weekend Right exactly. As a matter of fact, I think this is our tax free weekend And so you have tons of parents looking for great bargains and though the store is going to be packed now I know that you have had reporters making phone calls and so forth. What have you heard and seen from Witnesses around there? well, so far the witnesses that our news partners have talked to over there a period of time say that there were rapid shots fired and Multiple people that were gunned down in front of the counters leading out of the store Okay, and in this climate where we have now almost become normalized to mass shootings How is that community position meaning our people? They’re Immune to this I mean our people shocked that this happened in their community Absolutely shocked here. Now. El Paso is supposed to be a safe city. It’s one of the safest cities in the country it’s been like that for several years the Ratings that we’ve had have always put our passer at the top ten percent So to have this happen in our own backyard is really a shock and what are the officials they’re trying to do now I know that they’ve established a family relocation center to try to make sure the people who might have been evacuated and separate from their families separated from their families can get Together in the same place, but are there any other plans that the city’s announced so far? So far things are in Preliminary stages for the time being yes. We do have an elementary school. That’s the staging area for loved ones We try to catch up with other loved ones that were in the store, you know the sale of mr Mall, which has 123 stores. That was also evacuated as well so that entire complex that runs maybe about 22 acres is completely deserted except with Nothing, but law enforcement officials and people trying to latch up with one another So those preliminary plans of trying to heal if you will are still in the first stages? But I can tell you by day’s end we’ll wind up with some kind of handling like vigil If not more things happening over the weekend you’ve lived there for a long time for decades You’ve been in the news business for a long time. How do you feel just as an El Paso one? Well, you know after all these years of not having to do deal with anything on this magnitude not since 1961 when we had the first Air hijacking at our intern. Have you ever run into something like this? And so the shock of having this in our own? Community is not going to wear away anytime soon and being a journalist in this area All we can do is try to comfort by telling the right story and in that Process we’ve almost got a formula now for what happens on day one what happens on day two day three How do you keep from making sure that? It doesn’t become something impersonal Well, that’s a tough question to answer because that’s such a personal thing for all the journalists that are working this story today including myself And student that I just sent to the scene It’s one of those things where you just have to separate your personal life from your personal You know your your professional life you tell the story You run into people who want to tell the story and then you comfort them and then afterwards you process it later Away from the cameras away from the microphones and hopefully we’ll all be good at the end You know some of the initial images saw basically very heavily armed officers approaching the scene Almost maybe maybe they were SWAT teams that were going in It seemed that there were quite a few different law enforcement agencies converging in a very short period of time for this tragedy You know that’s one of the things that We’re very proud of here in in our communities that the law enforcement agencies are quick to respond No matter where they are. And since this is in the central part of Passau Everyone converged because of the proximity it was easy to get to from Central Command for PD or Sheriff’s that’s out in the perimeter of the county and quite frankly the Texas Rangers are always in this area anyway watching out for Motorists and whatnot that might break the law. All right Dennis. Whoooo Operations Director at the NPR affiliate K TEP joining us via Skype tonight. Thanks so much Thank you so much for having me Tear gas filled Hong Kong streets again today and into the night as police confronted tens of thousands of pro-democracy protesters Marching on a major street with shopkeepers at boarded windows the demonstrators removed a Chinese flag from a pole and throw it into the city’s Victoria Harbour They also vandalized a police station where they lit fires the protesters blocked streets using makeshift barricades Made of umbrellas Road barriers and public trash bins in a separate rally today Thousands of other Hong Kong residents dressed in white gathered to show support for the government and the police There are more protests planned for tomorrow and leaders of the pro-democracy movement are calling for a general strike on Monday in Moscow today police arrested more than 600 people as Demonstrations over the upcoming Moscow city council election continued for a second straight weekend riot police wearing helmets grabbed Demonstrators and shoved them into vans protesters say that some independent and opposition candidates are being excluded from running for office nearly 1,400 people were arrested last weekend at a similar protest the 45 seat Moscow City Council is currently controlled by the pro-kremlin United Russia party iran’s Foreign Minister Mohammad Zarif said today that Iran will further reduce its compliance with the 2015 nuclear deal according to a government-run news agency without providing details Arif was quoted as saying the third step in reducing commitments to the deal will be implemented last month Iran threatened to restart deactivated centrifuges and increase enrichment of uranium to 20 percent purity on Wednesday the United States placed personal sanctions on Zarif blocking access to any interests he has in the u.s Zarif responded that he has no personal property or interests here North Korean state media claimed that the country’s leader Kim jong-un personally supervised and was greatly Satisfied with another set of rocket launches yesterday the third round of tests in about a week State media said it was of a quote newly developed large caliber multiple launch guided rocket system South Korean officials confirmed that at least two short-range projectiles were launched Friday morning traveling about 137 miles making them capable of reaching South Korea’s capital of Seoul yesterday president Trump tweeted that tests of short-range missiles quote are not a violation of our signed Singapore agreement nor was there discussion Short-range missiles when we shook hands Nineteen Democrats running for their party’s nomination for president appeared in Las Vegas today all seeking the backing of 1.6 million public employee union members at their annual forum the American Federation of State County and Municipal Employees Union is known as the AFSCME both Democrats and Republicans Consider Nevada a key battleground state in the upcoming election Hillary Clinton carried the state in 2016 by 2% of the popular vote For more on the fatal shooting in El Paso, Texas visit pbs.org slash Newshour This week a Cold War era pack the intermediate-range nuclear forces or INF treaty between the u.s And russia expired both countries accused each other of violating the agreement for years it was supposed to ban land-based missiles with ranges between 310 and 3410 miles Joining me now from Washington, DC For more on what this may mean is John Wolfe, Stahl Director of the nuclear crisis group a nonpartisan group dedicated to preventing the use of nuclear weapons He was formerly a senior director for arms control and non-proliferation at the National Security Council in the Obama administration John in some ways This is a long time coming even the Obama Administration was complaining that Russia was violating this treaty as far back as five six years ago. That’s true This has been a long fought battle with Russia over the future of the treaty I would say that both Russia and the United States had some reasons to want to get out of it But unfortunately neither of the United States or Russia is really thinking about what its losing when this treaty goes away One of the reasons that people find this John Bolton and others say hey This is less relevant today because the landscape has changed since when the treaty was written you’ve got Drones that are technologies that weren’t included in the treaty in the first place You’ve got different world powers. Now that have nuclear weapons. Is that fair? Well, I mean the world changes every day. The question is whether or not we are safer or less safe Without a treaty that bands these land-based missiles in Europe. The reality is that now Russia is Free legally to keep deploying what had been an illegal system It makes it easier for them to move them around to test them the United States is about to start testing its own version of these missiles and going to try and deploy them in Europe and leaders in Russia in Europe And in the United States are gonna have less time to make decisions in a crisis or if there’s a military Incident with these short flying or short flight time fast flying missiles in and around Europe So if we the United States helps say for example, NATO countries arm themselves Now what that raises the potential threat because everyone’s on a hair-trigger and everyone’s got missiles right on the border well actually European countries were free to build and deploy these missiles on their own if they wanted to they are not party to the INF treaty This was a bilateral agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union then some other parties joined when the Soviet Union fell apart so if France or Poland or Germany wanted to build these missiles they could have the reality is the United States and NATO don’t need these systems because we Have air-launched and C launch missiles and long-range ballistic missiles that can target what we need to target in Russia The problem was that Russia no longer saw value in this treaty and cheated on it The question is whether or not we did a good enough job trying to bring them back into compliance or whether the United States under john bolton who doesn’t really care about arms control said You know what? This is a great excuse to get out of this treaty And we can do some damage to the arms control regime which we really don’t care for anyway and the united states says listen, we also need to include china in this conversation china wrote back yesterday saying You know what you guys are in a different league doesn’t make any sense I mean does the United States want to it will the United States and Russia come down to China’s level of weapons? Unlikely and do they want to sit there and allow China to come up to our level of weapons? Probably not, right? well China has had a very small nuclear arsenal for decades and they so show no signs of trying to race to catch up to the United States or Russia both the United States and Russia have about 4,000 nuclear weapons Each China has less than 400. So we are ten times the size of China They do have intermediate-range missiles because their issues their security is related to their near abroad the Chairman or the vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff has said we don’t need Land-based missiles in East Asia because we have ship-based and air based systems So the push to pull out of this treaty and to develop some of these systems are not driven by military requirements They’re being driven more by ideology and aji they have them so we need them, too That doesn’t make a whole lot of military sense finally What’s the ripple effect of this treaty on the next big one that’s coming up in a couple of years? Well, this is I think why most people are sort of saving their ammunition over the death of the INF treaty we’re sad to see it go but the real target for john bolton and donald trump is the 2010 new start arms control treaty that limits both US and Russian strategic nuclear weapons to no more than 1550 john bolton hated this treaty donald trump doesn’t like it because it was negotiated by obama Basically the double kiss of death for this administration The treaty can be extended for five years But john bolton recently said he sees no reason to extend it And there’s a good chance that donald trump will try to withdraw from the agreement unless congress can restrict his freedom to do so Alright, john will stall director of the nuclear crisis group joining us from washington. Thanks so much. Sure. Thank you This week marked the one-year anniversary of the ongoing Ebola outbreak in the Congo so far more than 2,600 cases have been reported and 1,700 deaths I recently sat down with Richard Preston his latest book crisis in the red zone Reports on the Ebola epidemic and how our interconnected world is making it difficult to contain Well, it’s really because of mother nature Ebola is a kind of warning shot across our bow It’s an example of what are known as emerging viruses which are viruses that are Essentially leaking out of the troubled ecosystems of the planet and getting into humans We don’t have any immunity to these emerging viruses so they can be extremely deadly Highly infectious and we really don’t have good medical defenses against them. Where do they start from? Well, they start from animals Wild animals typically now a virus is a tiny parasite that it that needs to have a host it can only make copies of itself inside the cells of some host and One of the biggest potential hosts on the planet right now is the human species we are there are seven and a half billion of us and increasingly in history Humans are gathering into these gigantic urban megapolis super cities to give you an example New York super city where we are is about 20 million people Now that’s about the population of Florida so if you take everybody in Florida and you cram them into one city and Everybody is breathing one another’s air and touching one another and if an emerging virus from a rainforest organism gets into a human population like that and there’s no immunity to the thing and it’s extremely Infectious and as a high mortality rate Yeah Then what you’re gonna see is an immense challenge to the medical system and to everything The good news about Ebola is that there seems to be a vaccine that is working and is pretty effective Why can’t we get that vaccine to all of these places that are having these outbreaks? Well, you know, it’s crazy So there’s big outbreak of Ebola going on in eastern Congo right now and a hundred and sixty thousand or more vaccinations have been made people are getting the vaccine, but the virus continues to spread and The doctors and medical workers can’t trace the cases a lot of the cases that are coming up are brand new Ebola has been in the human population of eastern Congo now for more than a year, and I think there’s a question So the vaccination strategy, you know just isn’t working even though it’s a great vaccine, but Ebola Is seemingly more and more rooted in the human population and I think there is a question as to whether a teabolo could change and eventually become Established as a permanent human disease. Well, what are the that’s startling. What are the sort of? cultural impediments now to trying to treat Ebola I mean whether it’s Civil wars or whether it’s social media one of the challenges that we’re facing in trying to get a population armed with the information To be able to say here’s what you should do. Here’s what you should look for. Here’s where you should go Let’s talk about the American population. Let’s talk about New York City Because the the problem of education is just as deep here in New York as it is anywhere else on the planet So I did a little survey and I found out that in the New York City hospitals. There are a total of eight so-called red zone beds For patients who are infected with a highly infectious Lethal virus for which there is no cure and no vaccine only eight beds and There are not enough trained hospital personnel to handle more than about eight patients when there was one patient with Ebola at Bellevue Hospital in New York City there was a huge team that treated the individual, you know They spent millions of dollars saving that patient’s life. Now. What if an emerging virus? I’m not necessarily talking about Ebola but Something Ebola like and that there are many other kinds of viruses that are out there lurking in nature that are making these so-called Cross-species jumps they’re coming out of ecosystems and getting into humanity So what if we had a thousand patients in New York City? with a really hot virus What if we had 10,000 patients what you would see in a city like New York in the developed world is? Exactly what happened in you know cities in West Africa when Ebola? Got into them you would see medical personnel Risking their lives and sacrificing their lives a thin line of defense The medical people the doctors the nurses would really be dying They would they would be going into horrific conditions to try to save patients just as was done in Africa, and then you would have you can just imagine the Possibilities that they’re there in a way they’re sort of hard to imagine, but you would have people trying to leave the city In large numbers you would have people fleeing from hospitals as happened in Africa nobody would want to go to the hospitals because they would be hot and so people would be dying in apartments and The way it works in New York City is that the the fire department has special has tech teams that are trained to go in and bring out a Biohazardous patient or a biohazardous corpse and deliver it properly. What about the mis-education? The rumors the conspiracies that kind of impede that education for the rest of us the consumer class and we’re seeing these challenges on Much more basic vaccinations towards children’s but when you add that layer of fear that oh my gosh, this is a deadly virus It’s affecting adults of all types and shapes and sizes It could be worse Yes, it is and unfortunately social media has played a I think a very damaging role in these situations Just to give you an example In in the Congo outbreak of Ebola which is going on now people. There are very well-educated people They have access to the internet. They read Lamond the media from Paris and they use a lot of social media and a lot of rumors go around on social media that are not correct about how you can protect yourself against Ebola or you know paranoid rumors about the doctors that are treating Ebola and I fear or suspect that the same thing would be going on in the United States If a biosafety level four hot virus got going in the population This is PBS Newshour weekend Saturday The frontline physicians and aid workers that are in the field oftentimes especially in areas like Africa the narrative is that well the Americans or the Europeans come in and they’re saving all the Africans but really in your books what you’re showing also is that It’s African doctors that are doing the hard horrible work, right? Absolutely You know, there’s this cliche that you know The people from the developed world the white people come into Africa and they save hapless Africans But crisis in the red zone is about something different. I Take a magnifying glass and I put it on a small forgotten Hospital in Africa that was devastated by Ebola and in that hospital you had American doctors and medical people scientists and African scientists doctors and medical people Fighting this dreadful virus in the hospital which killed a lot of the staff they were putting their lives on the line often Sacrificing their lives going into situations where they knew they were probably going to die in an effort to save a patient’s life is there a Lesson, we can learn from what happens. I mean some of the ethical dilemmas and challenges if you’ve got a vaccine Do you save a doctor? Do you save a patient in the face of a crisis the medical people at this little Hospital? faced terrible ethical choices choices that no, no doctor should ever have to make choices in which You know the Hippocratic oath says first do no harm But these were choices where the doctors no matter what they did. They were going to cause harm and it was a life-or-death Crisis Richard Preston is the author. The book is called crisis in the redzone. Thanks so much for joining us. Great to be with you Finally tonight The Associated Press is reporting that at least 15 people were killed in a mass shooting and an El Paso shopping center according to a law enforcement official Police as of 625 p.m Eastern time have not officially released a number of fatalities or injuries a white male in his 20s is in custody 22 people were admitted to hospitals and people lined up to donate blood for the victims 12 with traumatic injuries were rushed to the University Medical Center of El Paso Spokesman there says one of the injured died late this afternoon. We will have more updates on our web site pbs.org/newshour And tomorrow on our broadcast that’s all for this edition PBS Newshour weekend. I’m hari Sreenivasan. Thanks for watching. Have a good night You

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *