Forget Shopping. Soon You’ll Download Your New Clothes | Danit Peleg | TED Talks

Forget Shopping. Soon You’ll Download Your New Clothes | Danit Peleg | TED Talks


In the past few months, I’ve been
traveling for weeks at a time with only one suitcase of clothes. One day, I was invited
to an important event, and I wanted to wear
something special and new for it. So I looked through my suitcase
and I couldn’t find anything to wear. I was lucky to be at the technology
conference on that day, and I had access to 3D printers. So I quickly designed
a skirt on my computer, and I loaded the file on the printer. It just printed the pieces overnight. The next morning,
I just took all the pieces, assembled them together in my hotel room, and this is actually the skirt
that I’m wearing right now. (Applause) So it wasn’t the first time
that I printed clothes. For my senior collection
at fashion design school, I decided to try and 3D print
an entire fashion collection from my home. The problem was that I barely knew
anything about 3D printing, and I had only nine months to figure out
how to print five fashionable looks. I always felt most creative
when I worked from home. I loved experimenting with new materials, and I always tried
to develop new techniques to make the most unique textiles
for my fashion projects. I loved going to old factories
and weird stores in search of leftovers
of strange powders and weird materials, and then bring them home to experiment on. As you can probably imagine, my roommates didn’t like that at all. (Laughter) So I decided to move on
to working with big machines, ones that didn’t fit in my living room. I love the exact
and the custom work I can do with all kinds of fashion technologies, like knitting machines
and laser cutting and silk printing. One summer break, I came here
to New York for an internship at a fashion house in Chinatown. We worked on two incredible dresses
that were 3D printed. They were amazing —
like you can see here. But I had a few issues with them. They were made from hard plastics
and that’s why they were very breakable. The models couldn’t sit in them, and they even got scratched
from the plastics under their arms. With 3D printing, the designers
had so much freedom to make the dresses look
exactly like they wanted, but still, they were very dependent
on big and expensive industrial printers that were located in a lab
far from their studio. Later that year, a friend gave me
a 3D printed necklace, printed using a home printer. I knew that these printers
were much cheaper and much more accessible
than the ones we used at my internship. So I looked at the necklace, and then I thought, “If I can
print a necklace from home, why not print my clothes from home, too?” I really liked the idea that I wouldn’t
have to go to the market and pick fabrics that
someone else chose to sell — I could just design them
and print them directly from home. I found a small makerspace, where I learned everything
I know about 3D printing. Right away, they literally
gave me the key to the lab, so I could experiment
into the night, every night. The main challenge was to find the right
filament for printing clothes with. So what is a filament? Filament is the material
you feed the printer with. And I spent a month or so
experimenting with PLA, which is a hard and scratchy,
breakable material. The breakthrough came
when I was introduced to Filaflex, which is a new kind of filament. It’s strong, yet very flexible. And with it, I was able to print
the first garment, the red jacket that had
the word “Liberté” — “freedom” in French — embedded into it. I chose this word because I felt
so empowered and free when I could just design
a garment from my home and then print it by myself. And actually, you can easily
download this jacket, and easily change the word
to something else. For example, your name
or your sweetheart’s name. (Laughter) So the printer plates are small, so I had to piece the garment
together, just like a puzzle. And I wanted to solve another challenge. I wanted to print textiles that I would use
just like regular fabrics. That’s when I found an open-source file from an architect who designed
a pattern that I love. And with it, I was able to print
a beautiful textile that I would use
just like a regular fabric. And it actually even looks
a little bit like lace. So I took his file and I modified it,
and changed it, played with it — many kinds of versions out of it. And I needed to print
another 1,500 more hours to complete printing my collection. So I brought six printers to my home
and just printed 24-7. And this is actually
a really slow process, but let’s remember the Internet
was significantly slower 20 years ago, so 3D printing will also accelerate and in no time you’ll be able to print
a T-Shirt in your home in just a couple of hours,
or even minutes. So you guys, you want to see
what it looks like? Audience: Yeah! (Applause) Danit Peleg: Rebecca is wearing
one of my five outfits. Almost everything here she’s wearing,
I printed from my home. Even her shoes are printed. Audience: Wow! Audience: Cool! (Applause) Danit Peleg: Thank you, Rebecca. (To audience) Thank you, guys. So I think in the future,
materials will evolve, and they will look and feel
like fabrics we know today, like cotton or silk. Imagine personalized clothes
that fit exactly to your measurements. Music was once a very physical thing. You would have to go
to the record shop and buy CDs, but now you can just download the music — digital music — directly to your phone. Fashion is also a very physical thing. And I wonder what our world will look like when our clothes will be digital,
just like this skirt is. Thank you so much. (Applause) [Thank You] (Applause)

100 thoughts on “Forget Shopping. Soon You’ll Download Your New Clothes | Danit Peleg | TED Talks

  1. "soon" nah not soon at all….probably 40-50 years (if ever) before this is cheap enough to go to normal peoples homes

  2. The title assumes people will have 3d printers at home. But why should we? Yes people will be using 3d printing for this but not at home…

  3. if I could download a 3x superman t-shirt the same material/design as her skirt and with a silver or white superman logo…

  4. I want to print with hemp. where's my kick back? I want to liquidfy hemp fibers and attain a viable future. Let's get serious. I need a job. I have no degree, but I have forward ideas.

  5. well if this does gain traction in development this will be the go to way for many people to get cloth. Maybe not as popular in western countries but it definitely might dominating in developing countries. The main question is what materials can be used for cloth printing and well they actually be that cheap.

  6. This is interesting, and it has much broader implications than just clothing. Conceivably anything that we currently rely on, which is manufactured on an assembly line, can be made by a 3D printer, as the technology advances. Sculptures, tools, containers, furniture, etc. will, in the not so distant future, be producible by the average consumer with the right electronic file and physical substrate. If the 3D printer is of a large enough scale, it would even be in the realm of possibility that entire houses and cars, through modular design, can be produced by the consumer by downloading the right electronic rendering. While this maybe a boon for designers and draftsmen, who can sell their designs, this might adversely effect manufacturing jobs. – in effect putting those who labor in factories out of work. Millions of people that depend on such types of work will be relegated to obsolescence.Furthermore, even in the case of designers and draftsmen selling their work – say their electronic rendering for a furniture set – this may cause a problem, in that, as we have seen in the film and music industries, once something can get packaged in an electronic format, it can be pirated and copied quite easily, thus robbing the producer of much of the money that is owed to them. While I applaud the democratization of producing products, the implications it has on many sectors of the economy is something that is a cause for concern. It is going to be something that economists are going to have think seriously about.

  7. 0:50 Good God.. center front row. Look at the speed she is clapping! she must really like the dress!

  8. Shoes.
    Shoes.
    Shoes.
    Oh, my god, shoes!
    These shoes rule.
    These shoes suck.
    These shoes suck.
    These shoes suck!
    I think you have too many shoes.
    Shut up!
    I think you have too many shoes.
    Shut up!
    I think you have too many shoes.
    Shut up!
    Stupid boy.
    Stupid boy.
    Let's get some shoes.
    Let's party!

  9. Hey, check out my comment,  nobody commented on her looks.  " I will upload myself to France and that was my worst lesson in fashion ! "

  10. I wrote a presentation/report for a school about 3D printing 4 years back which also covered uses such as clothing. Apart from the filament and public domain design share sites, there's nothing new in this. Where's my TED speech time?

  11. Ted used to be platform for inventors or enterpenuers or those who make differnece, it seems like TED these days are for everyone, which sucks. This is really no meaningful TED talk unless you are hispanic and supports your own heritage fashion gal lol.

  12. Are there really several negative comments here about her? For being a fashion designer instead of an academic? For traveling light? I'm an academic, these trolls do not represent me.

  13. So for your average person that buys their clothes at Walmart or some other store on the cheap, what reason do they have to buy an expensive 3-d printer and the material just to make a dress?
    You are essentially offsetting the cost of manufacture onto the consumer.
    Do consumers even save money in the long run?

  14. If fabrics are made from plastics or non degradable materials, that will mean more …much more plastic in the environment. Now, does that make sense?

  15. That's interesting. We can purchase E-clothes on line download and print it out at home. No need for shipping time.

  16. Come on TED, I come here for science, not shopping for or making clothes! This is just another women who thinks she deserves more clothes. What about the poor men who can't even afford clothes, when is any one going to speak up for male clothing! (Typical Angry TED Commenter)

  17. i guess pretty hard persuate a big part of population to buy a 3D printer to do that (except if 3D printers get more uses) but… i can imagine cloth shops that also create cloths…

  18. It must be so harmful to wear those toxins on your skin….I would never wear those clothes, we have enough chemicals in our clothes and food etc.

  19. I can see performance wear brands embracing this, but natural fibers will always be better one way or another. The problem with synthetic fabrics is the odor that clings to it. There are many synthetic fabrics that claim to be odor resistant, but it doesn't last long. Cotton and wool will always be king, it's just a matter of development in knit/weave of these materials.

  20. Before watching the talk and only seeing the title my initial comment was, no, no we won't ever download our clothes in the future, but after watching the talk, no, no we definitely won't be doing that.

  21. Technology is advancing quickly,it's amazing,the dark side of it,is when we stop manufacturate,major portion of employeers will be dismiss.Well it is not just about the clothes,we will have a lot of problems,let's do wisely.

  22. How disgraceful. What about all this plastic? Not only how damaging for the environment but also to peoples bodies. There is enough plastic around us and in some clothes we wear ! Why would I want to wear plastic??? Maybe this girl has no idea of how plastic plays around with hormones and DNA and our body in general. How sad and how pathetic. Think before you act people ! No one is perfect and 100% eco friendly but this is madness.

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